Monitoring of Diabetes
What is Meant by Good Control?
- Normal blood sugar levels 70 mg%-140mg%
- Acceptable for diabetics 90mg%, 180mg%
- Ideal 60-100mg% fasting, 140 mg% to 160mg% 2hrs after meals.
- Weight-as near to ideal as possible.
- Blood pressure normal.
- Blood fats (Cholesterol and triglycerides) normal.
- Glycosylated Haemoglobin levels normal.
How do you know you have good control?
- Blood fats.
- Glycosylated Heamoglobin.
- Blood Pressure.
Why aim for good control?
- To avoid complications:
- Long-term affecting.
- To lead as normal lifestyle as possible.
- For general good health and feeling well.
How do you achieve good control?
- Stick to your diet.
- Get plenty of exercise.
- Make sure your techniques are accurate.
Good control of Diabetes and preventing long-term complications:
- Diabetes may slowly damage some parts of your body.This damage can impair the quality and length of your life.
- Certain factors may lead to the development of these complications. These are called: Risk Factors.
- Nor everyone who has diabetes w'il1 develop complications.
- The presence of one or more of these risk factors may increase your chance of developing the complications that are associated with diabetes.
What are the Risk Factors?
- Poor control of Blood Sugar-over an extended period
- Smoking-Can affect blood vessels.
- High Blood fat levels-Can lead to damage of blood
- High blood pressure-Can damage arteries and kidneys.
Lack of knowledge
Early warning signs may be missed. Education and early treatment my help to lesson damage.
You can decrease your risks by:
- Maintaining good control of Blood Sugar level. - Maintaining ideal weight.
- Participating in regular exercise.
- Take medication as prescribed.
- Stop smoking.
- Participate in diabetes education programme.
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