It is a herbaceous, generally biennial plant of the Apiaceae family that produces an edible taproot. Among common varieties, root shapes range from globular to long, with ends blunt to long pointed. Besides the orange coloured roots, white-yellow and purple-fleshed varieties are known.
The plants require cool to moderate temperatures and are not grown in summer in the warmer regions. They require deep, rich and losely packed soil. Fresh carrots should be firm and crisp with smooth and unblemished skin. Bright orange colour indicates high carotene content; smaller types are the most tender. Carrots are used in salads and as relishes and are served as cooked vegetable and in stews. Carrots are rich sources of vitamins A, B and C. They also contain minerals and organic acids.
Carrot juice is highly effective in all sorts of fevers, general debility, nervous disorders, anaemia, lassitude, low vitality, and run-down conditions. It should not be taken during hot summer months as it may cause insomnia and high blood pressure. During winter months, carrots may be eaten in order to keep the body warm and to fight cold.
Dr. John B. Lust has said, 'Carrot juice is sometimes called miracle juice. A large number of people in all walks of life suffering from various ailments have found that the inclusion of carrot juice in their diet has greatly improved their health'.
Dr. J.J. Schiffers has said, 'Vitamin A promotes (growth of bones and teeth, the maintenance of healthy body tissues and glandular functions. It aids in the resistence to infection. Vitamin A is especially necessary in the diet of expectant mothers to build up and maintain the health of both mother and the developing child. Fresh carrot juice should be included in the diet not only during pregnancy but also during the period of nursing the baby. Carrot Juice is one of the richest source of vitamin A'.
Dr. Harry Benjamin has said, 'Carrot juice is the rich source of vitamin E which is very helpful in case of cancer. In laboratory tests, when the cancer tissue was placed in a vitamin E rich blood stream, it did not grow. When a blood serum lacking vitamin E was used in a similar test, the cancer cells grew readily.' This test proved that carrots are very valued to cancer patients.
Benefit and uses of Carrot.
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