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Girasole or Jerusalem artichoke

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The vegetable, resembling a potato, is served cooked. The carbohydrate insulin stored in this tuber yields fructose useful in the treatment of diabetes. It is a tuber-bearing sunflower native to North America. The above green part of the plant is a coarse, usually multi-branched, frost-tender annual, 7 to 10 feet tall, numerous showy flowerheads appearing in late summer or early autumn, have yellow ray-flowers. The underground tubers vary from oblong to much elongated regular to rough and branched. Jerusalem artichokes are very popular as cooked vegetable in Europe and have long been cultivated in France as a stock feed. In the United States, it is rarely cultivated but small quantities are used in making pickles, relishes and dietary preparations.

Benefit and uses of Girasole or Jerusalem artichoke.

  • Vitamin C, present in artichoke vegetables, is a powerful antioxidant and anti-inflammatory. This anti-inflammatory activity may influence the development of asthma symptoms.
  • Scrub Jerusalem artichokes just before using, leaving the skins on and good benefit.
  • Jerusalem artichoke use as a vegetable accompaniment or in soups, stews, sauces or casseroles.
  • The heads of the plant, for instance, or drank a tea made from its leaves and stalks to relieve the pain of rheumatism.
  • Cooking them with the skins on may cause a darkening of the skins because of their high iron content.
  • Jerusalem artichokes also contain vitamin C, phosphorus and potassium and are a very good source of iron.

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